Today’s artists purchase ready-made paints, canvases, and a multitude of supplies quickly and efficiently. This was not the case for renaissance artists, who not only painted the world around them, but made their paints by collecting nature’s organic materials and minerals, as well as carefully selecting linen and suitable wood panels for their canvases. This presentation will focus on a comparative analysis of two painting techniques: egg tempera and oil paint. The materials used in these two techniques will be discussed, listing the pros and cons of each, and showcasing a diptych of the two techniques side by side. The cutting and preparation of the oak wood panels and linen support will be demonstrated in the presentation as well as pigments and binders. Using research, I will utilize the techniques that were used in the High Renaissance by artists such as Garofalo and Da Vinci. Through this process I have developed a better understanding and a greater appreciation for the immense time and work it took to construct the canvas, process pigments and create the artwork. In the end, artists of the Renaissance moved from egg tempera to oil paint because this new medium could be mixed in large batches, had a longer modeling time, allowed for multiple layers of glazing, as well as having a longer shelf life.