Student Project &
Research Symposium

Poster
Presentations

Student Project &
Research Symposium

Oral
Presentations

Student Project &
Research Symposium

Exhibitions

Student Project &
Research Symposium

Performances

Live Q&A @ 11:00 A.M. - 11:15 A.M.
Join Zoom A
How Dieting Makes You Fat
Omar Al-Muhtasib
Division:
Consumer and Health Sciences
Department:
Nutrition, Physiology, and Medicine
Mentor:
Amy Hellman
Mentor's e-mail:
ahellman@occ.cccd.edu
Author's e-mail:
oalmuhtasib@student.cccd.edu
Abstract:

Nearly ½ of adults in the U.S attempt to lose weight each year [1]. One of the most prescribed advice for weight loss is to follow a diet plan. However, research shows that most dieters struggle to keep the weight off in the long term; 80% of dieters who lose 10% of their body weight gain it back within 1 year and 95% within 3 years [2]. In this study a literature review was conducted to understand why dieters struggle with weight loss maintenance and the long term effects of dieting on fat cells and metabolism. The first study examined the effects of binging on food after a period of calorie restriction and found this leads to the formation of new fat cells (fat cells typically inflate or deflate in size but do not increase in number) [3]. The second study examined the effect of continuous vs intermittent caloric restriction, finding that subjects who dieted intermittently lost more fat mass and had less metabolic slowing [4]. The final study was a meta analysis that compared the effects of a low carbohydrate to a low fat diet on weight loss and various health biomarkers. The study found no differences in results of these diets when calories were equated [5]. Another meta analysis examined the habits of the successful dieters, finding that consistent monitoring, intrinsic motivation, and goal setting to be common habits [6]. Based on the research, aggressive dieting techniques are unsustainable for long term weight loss and can lead to more fat gain and a slower metabolism long term.

1. Martin, Center of Disease Control and Prevention, 20181. Ayyad, Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 20003. Jackman, Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 20084. Byrne, International Journal of Obesity, 20055. Naude, PLOS ONE, 20146. Spreckley, International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being , 2021

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.